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Running Hazelcast on a 100 Node Amazon EC2 Cluster

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Running Hazelcast on a 100 Node Amazon EC2 Cluster

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The purpose of this article is to give you the details of our 100 node cluster demo. This demo is recorded and you can watch the 5 minute screencast

Hazelcast is an open source clustering and highly scalable data distribution platform for Java. JVMs that are running Hazelcast will dynamically cluster and allow you to easily share and partition your application data across the cluster. Hazelcast is a peer-to-peer solution (there is no master node, every node is a peer) so there is no single point of failure. Communication among cluster members is always TCP/IP with Java NIO beauty. The default configuration comes with 1 backup so if a node fails, no data will be lost (you can specify the backup count). It is as simple as using java.util.{Map, Queue, Set, List}. Just add the hazelcast.jar into your classpath and start coding.

When you download the Hazelcast, you will find a test.sh under bin directory. The test.sh runs an application which randomly makes 40% get, 40% put and 20% remove on a distributed map. In this demo the same test application will be used to see how it performs on 100 node cluster.

Amazon EC2 and S3

An easy to use and scalable cloud environment was needed for demo so we decided to use Amazon EC2 for server instances (nodes) and S3 service to store demo application zip and configuration files. With its newly announced Java SDK, it is very simple to start/stop server instances and upload files to S3 programatically.

Hazelcast AMI & Launcher

The challenge here is that we are running an application on 100 nodes and dealing with each and every server in the cluster is a huge task. We don't want to ssh into every server and manually start the application. This part is automated by creating a special server image (AMI). The AMI contains Java Runtime and a launcher application we developed, which will download the demo application from Amazon S3, unzip it, and run the hazelcast/bin/test.sh in it. The Launcher is actually so generic that it can run any application; it doesn't care/know what test.sh contains.


Deployment of the demo application is also automated so that we don't need to login into AWS Management Console and manually start instances. Deployer instantiates any number of Amazon EC2 servers with any AMI and also uploads the demo application zip file to S3.

So the idea here is that, the Deployer will store the application into S3 and launch 100 EC2 instances with our image. The Launcher on each instance will download the application from S3 and run it.

Demo Details.

The smallest EC2 instances (m1.small) are used to run the demo. These are the virtual instances with CPU about 1.0 GHz. Also keep in mind that EC2 platform suffers from considerable amount of network latency. That's why we increased the thread count to 250 in our application. The following steps performed during the demo

  • Download hazelcast-1.8.3.zip from www.hazelcast.com.
  • Unzip the file and move the monitoring war file into tomcat6/webapps directory.
  • Edit the test.sh under the bin directory:
    1. Add -Xmx1G -Xms1G
    2. Add -Dhazelcast.initial.wait.seconds=100 to make the cluster evenly partition on start so that migration can be avoided for better performance.
    3. Add t250 as an argument to the application to set thread count to 250. Remember the latency issue.
  • Run the Deployer from IDE.
  • Check from EC2 Management Console if 100 servers started.
  • Start tomcat.
  • Copy the public DNS name of one of the servers to connect to from monitoring tool.
  • Go to http://localhost:8080/hazelcast-monitor-1.8.3/ (Hazelcast Monitoring Tool). Paste the address and connect to the cluster.
  • Enjoy!


You should always look for programatic ways of launching applications on the cloud. With these tools we were able to deploy and run the demo application on 100 servers in minutes. The entire Hazelcast cluster was making over 400,000 operations per second on the smallest EC2 instances. In our next demo we will experiment Hazelcast on large data set and even bigger cluster. Watch the screencast

cloud ,frameworks ,scalability ,hazelcast ,clustering ,amazon ec2

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