How to Fix Recovery Pending State in SQL Server Database
Fix the issue of recovery pending state in SQL server database by running queries in SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS) or by SQL database recovery tool.
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This post will explain why a database (DB) is tagged as a recovery pending. It will also discuss how to resolve the ‘SQL server database in recovery pending status' issue. You may fix the issue by running queries in SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS) or by utilizing a professional SQL database recovery tool.
SQL Server Database States
A SQL database is deemed damaged if one or more of its core files are inconsistent. The database is labeled with different statuses depending on the severity of the damage. Some of these states are:
Online - If any one of the data files is destroyed while running a query or doing another activity, the database will still be available and accessible.
Suspect - A database is designated as Suspect if it cannot be recovered during SQL Server starting.
Recovery Pending - If the SQL Server detects that a database recovery is required but that anything is stopping it from commencing, the server classifies the database as ‘Recovery Pending.' This differs from the SUSPECT stage in that it cannot be argued that recovery will fail - it has simply not begun.
Let's start by learning how to verify the current status of the database.
Reasons for SQL Server's Recovery Pending State
Finding a remedy becomes much easier if the cause is identified. When a SQL database has to be recovered but cannot be started, it is said to be in a pending condition. This scenario occurs when the following conditions are met:
- The database has not been properly shut off. In other words, at that moment, one or more uncompleted transactions are active, and the transaction log file has been erased.
- To resolve performance difficulties, users sought to move the transaction log files to a new disc. However, this may result in log file corruption.
- Database recovery cannot begin due to a lack of memory space or disc capacity.
How Do I Check the Status of a Database?
Start by running the below mentioned query to determine the current status of a SQL database:
FROM sys.databases SELECT name, state desc
When you run the query, you should get something like this:
Methods for Resolving the Recovery Pending State in SQL Server
There are two manual techniques for initiating SQL database recovery, which are displayed as recovery pending. Both solutions are detailed further down.
Solution 1: Set the SQL Database to Emergency Mode and initiate a Forceful Repair.
To resolve the SQL server database problem, use the following steps:
- To repair a SQL Server database that is in the recovery pending condition, use the following queries:
GO ALTER DATABASE [DBName] SET EMERGENCY
GO ALTER DATABASE [DBName] single user
DBCC CHECKDB ([DBName], REPAIR ALLOW DATA LOSS) ALL ERRORMSGS; GO
GO ALTER DATABASE [DBName] multi-user
- EMERGENCY mode designates the SQL database as READ-ONLY, disables logging, and restricts access to system administrators only.
- This approach is capable of fixing any technical difficulty and restoring access to the database. The database will automatically exit EMERGENCY mode.
Solution 2: Set the SQL Database to Emergency Mode, disconnect the main database, then reconnect it.
To resolve the recovery pending state in SQL server, use the following commands:
ALTER DATABASE [DBName] EMERGENCY SET;
ALTER DATABASE [DBName] multi-user set
sp detach db ‘[DBName]' EXEC
@DBName = ‘[DBName]', @Physname = N'[mdf path]' EXEC sp attach single file db
These query lines will assist the server in retrieving a clean log and immediately creating a fresh one.
Warning: Before attempting any manual solution on the SQL server database, ensure that appropriate data backups are established. If a mistake occurs, the data should still be accessible. Furthermore, the manual technique should be used only when the user has an extensive technical understanding of the subject. If a user is unsure or the instructions are unclear, another alternative is described in the next section.
Alternative Method to Resolve the Recovery Pending State in SQL Server Database
Without a doubt, the manual approach to repair the SQL server database is an efficient strategy, but it must be carried out with extreme caution. In addition, there are certain drawbacks to the approach. As a result, it is better to utilize automated SQL Database Repair Software, that have the professional approach of technical specialists to fix the recovery pending state in SQL Server Database.
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